Widely distributed from Baja California to Sonora south to Oaxaca, Mexico, this beautiful pachycaul tree typically is associated with riparian settings. Here, we accept the lumping of the previously recognized Ficus petiolaris and F. palmeri, and these plants likely were in the latter group, generally lacking red veins in the leaves. Often, this species hangs from cliffs, dipping its extremely long, white roots into permanent water. This is a classic plant for either bonzai or for perching on a rock, draping the roots over the sides and into the soil beneath. These plants are rooted cuttings in 3-inch pots.